WROmigrant – International protection
In some specific situations, your stay in Poland may be a result of the fact that it is the only place where you are safe. In Poland these matters are governed by the Act of 13 June 2003 on Granting Protection to Foreigners within the Territory of the Republic of Poland.
Applications for international protection shall be settled in the first instance by the Head of the Office for Foreigners. Such applications may be submitted by persons who meet the conditions for granting the refugee status and those who do not meet the conditions for granting the refugee status but qualify for the so-called subsidiary protection. These applications can be submitted via field units of the Border Guard.
When is a foreigner granted refugee status
A foreigner shall be granted refugee status if, as a result of a well-founded fear of persecution in the country of origin for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinions or membership in a particular social group, he or she is unable or unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country. The refugee status is also granted to a minor child of a foreigner who was granted refugee status in the Republic of Poland and was born within the territory of the Republic of Poland.
When is a foreigner granted subsidiary protection
A foreigner shall be granted subsidiary protection when his or her return to the country of origin may expose him or her to a real risk of suffering serious harm through: death penalty or execution, torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, serious and individual threat to life or health resulting from widespread use of violence against civilians in a situation of international or non-international armed conflict and due to this risk he or she cannot or does not wish to benefit from the protection of the country of origin.
If you would like to apply for international protection, read the publication “First steps in Poland. Guidebook for foreigners applying for international protection”, which is published on the website of the Office for Foreigners in several languages:
The publication is available at: udsc.gov.pl/do-pobrania/materialy-informacyjne-urzedu.
Detailed information can be obtained in English, Russian and Polish on the website of the Office for Foreigners and through direct contact with the Department for Refugee Procedures.
If you need help in matters related to international protection you can also contact Nomada Association (see Information Points for migrants).