The withdrawal agreement has already been approved by the European Parliament in Brussels. In the vote, 621 MEPs were in favor, 49 against and 13 abstentions. However, this is not synonymous with the end of the Brexit process, which will probably last for 11 months. The agreement provides for the possibility of extending or shortening the transitional period, depending on the needs.
In practice, from February 1, Great Britain will no longer be a member of the European Union. However, this will not affect the United Kingdom’s participation in the single EU market, which includes, inter alia, the free movement of persons, a customs union, as well as the need to pay contributions to the EU budget and be subject to the rulings of the Court of Justice of the EU. Representatives of the United Kingdom will not sit in the EU institutions from February, and the state itself will remain an EU member without voting rights.
The transition period will be time to negotiate trade agreements and future relations between the United Kingdom and the European Union. The island state will have to develop a new immigration system and regulate security, air traffic or fisheries.
Important information for migrants from the European Union residing in Great Britain is the need to submit an application for settled status by June 2021. This status can also be granted to persons who come to Great Britain during the transition period. Entry to the country will take place under the current rules: without the need to present a visa when entering the country. The European Health Insurance Card, national driving licenses, telephone roaming or animal documents also remain valid under current rules.